Oxford Vaccine Is Safe In Older Adults And Generates An Immune Response

How long does immunity to coronavirus last ? Is one of the questions that broke out since the pandemic of the Covid-19 science has tried to answer, and it seems that has finally found an answer.

Researchers from the La Jolla Institute of Immunology, California, and the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, in New York, have concluded after a large study that immunity against the coronavirus could last for years or even decades.

The research defends that most of those who have overcome the coronavirus have enough immune cells even 8 months after overcoming the disease to defend themselves from the coronavirus and prevent reinfection. The study, reported by The New York Times , is according to this newspaper, “the most comprehensive and wide-ranging on memory immune to the coronavirus to date.”

Here we have up-to-the-minute all the breaking news about Covid-19 in Spain , but we also have specific stories for Andalusia , Catalonia and Galicia .

The data of the coronavirus in Spain
* Source: Ministry of Health
Total figures: 1,525,341 confirmed coronavirus cases with a diagnostic test for active infection; 42,039 deaths with a positive test as of November 18

205,359 in Andalusia (3,424 dead)
69,665 in Aragon (2,106 dead)
19,869 in Asturias (755 dead)
22,408 in the Balearic Islands (397 dead)
19,605 in the Canary Islands (319 dead)
13,750 in Cantabria (291 dead)
79,579 in Castilla-La Mancha (3,597 dead)
111,281 in Castilla y León (4,237 dead)
288,067 in Catalonia (7,426 dead)
2,584 in Ceuta (45 dead)
87,787 in the Valencian Community (2,108 dead)
26,614 in Extremadura (860 dead)
44,755 in Galicia (1,108 dead)
336,384 in Madrid (11,158 dead)
3,764 in Melilla (34 dead)
50,838 in Murcia (512 dead)
38,179 in Navarra (810 dead)
89,344 in the Basque Country (2,331 dead)
15,509 in La Rioja (521 dead)
12.02. THE CORONAVIRUS MUTATION IN MINKS HAS BEEN “POSSIBLY ERADICATED”
The Danish Government has announced that the mutation of the coronavirus that forced to end all minks in the country has been “possibly eradicated”.

11.52. WHO DEFENDS KEEPING SCHOOLS OPEN AND BELIEVES LOCKDOWNS DUE TO CORONAVIRUS ARE AVOIDABLE
The World Health Organization (WHO) has defended the need to keep schools open during the coronavirus pandemic and considers that lockdowns can be avoided if protection measures are increased.

“We must ensure education for our children,” said the director for Europe of the WHO, Hans Kluge, highlighting that children and adolescents are not the main drivers of contagion and that the closure of schools is not effective. Kluge also pointed out that lockdowns are “a waste of resources” and that they cause many side effects, such as damage to mental health or increased gender violence, and that if the use of masks exceeds 90% among people, they would not be necessary

11.49. A STUDY LINKS RED BLOOD CELL VARIABILITY WITH CORONAVIRUS MORTALITY
A preliminary study carried out in public hospitals in the Canary Islands has determined the association between a high level of variability in red blood cells and mortality in Covid-19 patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU).

The work, coordinated by the Hospital Universitario de Canarias (HUC) and in which 8 ICUs from public hospitals in the archipelago have participated, has been published in the scientific journal Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine . The results of this study provide new information on the ability to predict mortality in coronavirus patients , the HUC reported in a statement.

For the intensivist and coordinator of the study, Leonardo Lorente, “this multicenter study could help in predicting the risk of death of patients with Covid-19 and in optimizing the use of healthcare resources.”

11.37. THE UNIVERSITY OF JAÉN CONFIRMS 37 NEW CASES OF CORONAVIRUS IN THE LAST WEEK
The University of Jaén (UJA) has confirmed the existence of 37 new cases of coronavirus among members of the university community, in the week of November 7 to 13. Of the total positives, 28 correspond to students, five belong to the group of administration and services personnel (PAS) and there are another four that affect teaching and research personnel (PDI).

As reported by the academic institution, in the aforementioned period there is a decrease in positives compared to the previous three weeks, when 58, 48 and 51 cases were registered, respectively. This decrease is particularly marked in students, lower in PDI, while in PAS, on the other hand, an increase is observed.

11.29. LABORATORY TECHNICIANS REJECT THAT PHARMACIES CAN TEST FOR CORONAVIRUS ANTIGENS
The Spanish Association of Laboratory Technicians (Aetel) has shown its “most absolute opposition” to pharmacies being able to test for coronavirus antigens since neither pharmacists nor these establishments are qualified and authorized to carry them out.

In a statement, Aetel ensures that this is defined by current regulations, which shows its rejection of the intention of communities such as Madrid to allow rapid coronavirus tests to be carried out in pharmacy offices.

“The current legal and regulatory framework delimits and defines the competences and qualifications of the different health professionals and from it it cannot be deduced that pharmacists as professionals and pharmacy offices as health establishments are qualified and / or authorized to provide this service “, underlines Aetel.

11.21. SPAIN HAS DEDICATED TWICE AS MUCH TO HEALTH AS THE EU WITH ITS ANTICOVID PLANS
Spain has committed to anticovid health measures practically double the money per inhabitant than the average of the central governments in the European Union in its budget projects.

In a report published this Thursday on health in Europe, the OECD and the European Commission explain that Spain has dedicated 220 euros per person for emergency health measures in the face of the coronavirus pandemic , compared to 112 on average in the 21 EU countries of those with data.

Ahead of Spain, those that have dedicated the most to these exceptional health items have been the United Kingdom (446 euros), Germany (302) and Ireland (274). Far behind are France (108), Italy (101) or Belgium (75), which have also been some of the hardest hit by the epidemic.

11.19. ERC AND JXCAT AGREE “DISCRETION” AND “LOYALTY” IN THE GOVERNMENT AGAINST THE CORONAVIRUS
The president of the ERC group in the Parliament, Sergi Sabrià, has assured that, after the last crisis within the Government, the Republicans and JxCat have agreed to work with “discretion” and “loyalty” to continue taking measures against the pandemic of the coronavirus in Catalonia .

JxCat and ERC took their internal struggle to the limit on Wednesday, to the point of causing an alteration in the operation of the crisis committee against covid-19, in which the councilors of the Government discuss what measures to take to face the pandemic .

Subsequently, the vice president of the Government acting as president, Pere Aragonès, of ERC, and the counselor of the Presidency, Meritxell Budó, of JxCat, met to try to reduce tension and redirect the new crisis between coalition partners.

11.15. TOKYO RAISES ITS ALERT LEVEL TO MAXIMUM AFTER A NEW RECORD OF CORONAVIRUS CASES
Tokyo has raised its alert level to the coronavirus to the maximum after verifying for the first time more than 500 cases of Covid in a single day, within a rebound in infections that also extends to other areas of the country and that has led the Government of Yoshihide Suga to study new restrictions.

Suga has admitted that Japan is on “high alert.” The Asian country surpassed 2,000 daily positives (2,201) on Tuesday and the president has instructed the ministers responsible for monitoring the pandemic to take action, while urging citizens to wear masks in restaurants as far as possible. possible, according to the Kiodo agency.

Tokyo, one of the main epicenters of infections, reported 534 new cases on Thursday, above the record reported on Wednesday, when it reported 493. Local authorities have formally raised the alert to level four, the maximum, which it implies assuming that the virus is “spreading.”

11.00. DAILY POSITIVES IN GALICIA RISE TO 667 AS CORONAVIRUS INFECTIONS SKYROCKET IN VIGO
Coroanvirus infections detected by PCR in 24 hours in Galicia amount to 667, a figure that represents a total of 166 cases more than those reported a day ago. The greatest increase occurs in Vigo , where the positives detected skyrocket to 282.

This is clear from the updated data on the morning of this Thursday on the website of the Ministry of Health, which reflects a new increase in active cases after several days of declines. Specifically, they rise by 47 and stand at 9,098.

More than 40 percent of the positives for covid-19 detected by PCR in the last 24 hours correspond to the Vigo area , which reports 282 cases, 174 more than the previous day. The second most positive area communicated is A Coruña , with 122 new cases, the same as those reported on Tuesday.

10.54. ALMOST A MILLION PEOPLE HAVE RECEIVED THE VACCINE IN CHINA AGAINST THE CORONAVIRUS, ACCORDING TO PHARMACIST
Almost one million people have received to date any of the Chinese candidate vaccine against the coronavirus “without significant adverse effects , ” said the president of the state pharmaceutical Sinopharm , Liu Jingzhen.

Liu said in an interview echoed by the company’s social networks that “the vaccine has been tested in almost a million people” and that “only a small group (of them) had mild adverse effects.” He added that “diplomats and students who traveled to more than 150 countries did not test positive for coronavirus after being vaccinated.”

10.40. AstraZeneca’s coronavirus vaccine is not made from tissues from an abortion

The vaccines are not made from fetal abortion tissues, as several messages on social networks say about the AstraZeneca preparation , but in some cases they use cells created in the laboratory with a remote human origin.

In recent days, different Facebook and Twitter publications highlight the presence of tissues from a human fetus among the components of the aforementioned Covid-19 vaccine . Some Facebook user goes so far as to accuse those responsible for the development of vaccines of financing abortions with the result of a “round business”.

Vaccinology experts flatly deny that these drugs can carry human fetus tissues taken from abortion and instead require laboratory-derived cell cultures of human origin dating back to the 1960s in Sweden and the United Kingdom. .

10.29. AIRLINES ASK THAT CORONAVIRUS ANTIGEN TESTS BE ACCEPTED IN ORDER TO TRAVEL
The Airline Association (ALA) has supported the European Commission’s recommendation that rapid antigen tests be used to contain the spread of Covid-19 and that restrictions on free movement can be lifted.

The European Commission has encouraged EU member states to use rapid antigen tests to contain the coronavirus and limit isolation and quarantine measures, and advocates the validation and mutual recognition between countries of these tests.

10.25. EPIDEMIC IMPROVEMENT CONTINUES IN CATALONIA ALTHOUGH IT ADDS 2,501 INFECTIONS AND 50 DEATHS FROM CORONAVIRUS
The epidemic indicators continue to improve in Catalonia although there have still been 2,501 new infections due to coronavirus in the last 24 hours, in which another 50 deaths from Covid-19 have been reported, while the number of patients hospitalized for this disease has decreased by more than a hundred .

According to epidemiological data updated by the Department of Health, the speed of spread of the coronavirus (Rt) remains stagnant in its decline for the third day and remains at 0.76, the same as the two previous days, while the number of hospitalized is 2,300, a total of 102 less than the day before, of which 553 are seriously ill in the ICU (21 less than on Wednesday).

10.20. RUSSIA RECORDS NEW HIGHS FOR INFECTIONS AND DEATHS FROM CORONAVIRUS
Russia has recorded in the last 24 hours new highs for daily infections and deaths from coronavirus since the outbreak of the pandemic last March, according to local authorities.

The number of those confirmed infected on the last day amounted to 23,610, almost 3,000 more than the previous day, while deaths stood at 463, compared to 456 registered the day before. In total, 2,015,608 cases of covid-19 and 34,850 deaths have been registered since March.

10.10. THE ECB EXPECTS THE NEW WAVE OF CORONAVIRUS TO AFFECT THE EURO ECONOMY “SEVERELY”
The president of the European Central Bank (ECB), Christine Lagarde , has said that they expect the eurozone economy to be “severely affected” by the effects of the rapid increase in coronavirus infections and the reintroduction of containment measures.

In this context, core inflation is expected to remain in negative territory until early 2021 and the Governing Council of the ECB will recalibrate, as it had already announced, its monetary policy measures in December, according to Lagarde in an appearance before the commission of Economic Affairs of the European Parliament.

“Although the latest news on vaccines is encouraging, the recent increase in coronavirus cases and the reintroduction of a number of containment measures are increasing the already high level of uncertainty and presenting a serious challenge to the economy of the eurozone and the global economy, “Lagarde said.

10.08. ISABEL DÍAZ AYUSO’S COVID PRIMER WILL BE IMPLANTED IN THE “NEXT FEW DAYS” WITH A DECAFFEINATED VERSION
The Covid card of the Community of Madrid, one of the commitments adopted by Isabel Díaz Ayuso in the face of the imminence of the second wave of the coronavirus , will be a reality in the “coming days” . The regional president announced in July that there would be an “experimental project” in September, but the calendar pages had been falling without news of a pioneering measure in Spain that will finally be launched two months late, reports Marta Belver .

As explained in the Ministry of Health to EL MUNDO, what will be done is a dump in the virtual health card of the diagnostic data included in the clinical history of each patient on CRP , serological tests and antigen tests to which they are has submitted, both in the public health system and in private laboratories. Thus, for example, if someone who is going to make a trip is asked in the country of destination for a negative result in Covid-19, they can show said information at the airport through their mobile without having to carry an accrediting report. [Read here the complete information]

09.59. THE INCIDENCE OF CORONAVIRUS CONTINUES TO RISE IN EIGHT CITIES OF CASTILLA Y LEÓN AND THE BOARD WILL EXTEND THE PERIMETER CLOSURE
Castilla y León remains at the maximum alert level for the coronavirus with an accumulated rate of 895 infections per hundred thousand inhabitants. This is the panorama, almost quadrupling the limit established by the indicators of the Ministry of Health. However, the regional trend has been showing downward for several days, a slight decrease that does not affect the entire regional territory in the same way.

This scenario will force the Board to extend the perimeter closure of Castilla y León for another fourteen days, as well as the curfew , as allowed by the national agreement that approved the state of alarm , both restrictions imposed until November 23. The idea will be to keep it, at least, until the next bridge, as has already happened with the Todos los Santos, with the intention of limiting mobility to stop the advance of the coronavirus . [Read here the complete information]

09.49. ANTIGEN TEST FOR CORONAVIRUS YES, BUT WELL DONE
Knowing in less than five minutes whether or not we are positive for coronavirus has been a ‘small’ revolution in the diagnostic protocols of the pandemic . So much so that the Community of Madrid , Murcia and Catalonia propose to be able to carry out antigen tests that allow it directly in pharmacies, in order to decongest healthcare. However, the Government does not give its approval, at least for the moment, and experts warn of the false negatives that these tests generate and, therefore, their doubtful usefulness both for mass screening and for their free commercialization, reports Laura Tardón .

In the words of Juan Martínez Hernández, spokesman for Public Health of the Colegial Medical Organization (OMC), “they can generate false security and greatly increase the risk, because a false negative could be the origin of an outbreak”, as seems to have already occurred in several nursing homes for the elderly, one in Jaén and the other in Córdoba, in which the false negatives of the antigen tests that had been carried out days before are noted as the cause of each outbreak . [Read here the complete information]

09.24. THE NIEMEYER CANCELS THE SHOWS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE NEXT 15 DAYS DUE TO THE CORONAVIRUS
The Niemeyer Center has canceled the shows and activities scheduled until December 3 (included) after the publication in the Official Gazette of the Principality of Asturias (BOPA) of the temporary extension of sanitary restrictions for 15 more days due to the crisis of the coronavirus ,

The canceled shows, all of them between November 19 and December 3, are: the plays ‘Mauthausen’ and ‘Querella de Lope y las mujeres’ and the concert of the Sounds the Dome cycle by Yago Mahúgo. Exhibitions, guided tours and the hotel service are also canceled.

09.03. GERMANY REGISTERS 22,609 NEW INFECTIONS WITH CORONAVIRUS IN 24 HOURS
German health authorities have recorded 22,609 new infections with coronavirus in the last 24 hours, almost 750 more than a week ago and more than 5,000 more than this Wednesday, although below the maximum of 23,542 last Friday.

According to data from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) updated last midnight, the positives recorded since the first contagion in the country was announced at the end of January amounts to 855,916, with 13,370 deaths, 251 in the last 24 hours, after yesterday’s 305, the highest figure of this second wave.

08.22. OXFORD VACCINE AGAINST CORONAVIRUS IS SAFE IN OLDER ADULTS AND GENERATES IMMUNE RESPONSE
The second phase of clinical testing of the coronavirus vaccine developed by the English University of Oxford shows that it is safe in healthy older people and elicits an immune response, reports the medical journal The Lancet .

In collaboration with the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and other organizations, the researchers tested the preparation, called ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, in an experiment with 560 healthy adults, including 240 over 70 years, with the aim of observing its impact on the immune system and possible side effects.

The “promising preliminary results” indicate that this SARS-CoV-2 vaccine offers “similar safety and immunogenicity results in healthy older adults than in those aged 18 to 55 years.”

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