The pastoralists are set to benefit from the major project dubbed Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project (RPLRP) costing US$197M which has been launched by the Government of Kenya with the world’s bank supporting the component with US$77 million.
The aim of the project is to help the pastoralist to manage the climate risks and know how to deal with drought and diseases. More than 93,000 households in Kenya will benefit from the project while a total of 267,000 households are expected to benefit directly from the project in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia.
The project is in line with the Vision 2030 of improving the livelihood of pastoral population in Kenya while realizing the World Bank’s twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity.
“Our main focus is on livestock, which we all know, is the single most important asset and the key source of food and income for pastoralists.” said Diarietou Gaye, World Bank Country Director for Kenya. “Pastoralists face unique challenges because they also live in the most under-resourced areas in Kenya, and this project will help mitigate some of them.”
The challenge of livestock dying as a result of drought and diseases is set to reduce since the project aims at reducing the death rate of the cattle by 30%.
The value of livestock which will be traded in the selected project market is set to increase by 10% while ensuring that the livestock traded during drought period to go down by 8%.
“The focus on livestock corridors like in Laikipia is based on the reality that seasonal and cross-border movements are a crucial feature of pastoralist livelihoods and coping mechanisms against droughts and conflicts.” Philip Jespersen, Senior Social Development Specialist and Co-Task Team Leader for the project. “The ecosystems from which pastoralist derive their livelihoods often go beyond national borders and counties as do the market networks.”
The number of livestock that will be traded on normal period is set to increase by an approximate of 6% while reducing the time of early warning information and response by 50%.
A vaccination campaign saw over 15,000 heads of cattle, 10,000 sheep and goats vaccinated during the launch which took place at Muwarak/Posta (PND) in Laikipia County. Major livestock routes converge in the PND area in search of pasture and water in times of drought, and as they head to Rumuruti livestock market. As a result, it is an area that is prone to livestock disease outbreaks.